Research Article | J Oral Health Dent. 2018;1(1):002 | Open Access

Oral Health Status of Mentally Challenged Children and Adolescents in Durg and Bhilai City of Chhattisgarh State in India

Pagaria S, Dubey A, Avinash A and Mujoo S

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Abstract

Introduction: The oral health of the mentally challenged may be neglected because of the disability condition, a demanding disease, or limited access to oral health care. Dental treatment is the greatest unattended health need of disabled.
Aim: To assess oral health status of mentally challenged children in Durg and Bhilai city.
Materials and methods: The study comprises of 70 mentally challenged children and adolescents attending special school in Durg and Bhilai city between the age 7 and 18 years. Oral hygiene status was assessed using simplified oral hygiene index by Greene and Vermilion and periodontal status was assessed using community periodontal index.
Results: Fair oral health status was seen in major proportion of population. The oldest age group had the highest scores for all the indices measured.
Conclusion: It is important that these children should be provided with appropriate dental care as soon as their medical condition has been diagnosed and pediatrician should be encouraged to make the appropriate referral and advise the parents on the importance of dental health.

Keywords: Mentally challenged; OHI-S index; CPI index

Citation: Pagaria S, Dubey A, Avinash A, Mujoo S. Oral Health Status of Mentally Challenged Children and Adolescents in Durg and Bhilai City of Chhattisgarh State in India. J Oral Health Dent. 2018;1(1):002